Chunuk Bair was a World War I battleground in Turkey. Chunuk Bair was captured from the Turks by the Wellington Battalion in August 1915. It was the furthest point reached by any of the allied forces before the retreat from an ill-fated World War I campaign that cost very many lives. The white stone in the centre was taken from the memorial at Gallipoli, Turkey.
The inscription by Suleman Demiel, President of Turkey reads: 'The land and rocks of our country are sacred to us. We have happily agreed to remove a piece of rock as a symbol of the goodwill of the Turkish people to the fallen Anzac soldiers. It is a token of the respect and affection that the Turkish people nurture towards the people of New Zealand.'